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Income, Poverty and Health Insurance and Supplemental Poverty Measure

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Erratum Note:

Oct. 11, 2019 - Due to an error in our tax model, tax units with an Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) below $12,000 were inadvertently not run through the Additional Child Tax Credit (ACTC) portion of the tax model. As a result, 2,435 tax units did not receive this refundable credit, which changed the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) poverty status of about 600 individuals (or 0.3% of the weighted population). This error changed our top-level SPM estimate from 13.1% for 2018 to 12.8%. Using either set of estimates, the change between 2017 and 2018 was not significant overall or for any of the major age categories. All SPM estimates have been revised accordingly. Other applicable news products will be available soon.

 

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Annual release of national-level income, poverty and health insurance coverage statistics. The reports will include statistics for calendar year 2018 and compare trends with previous years.

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Online News Conference - Sept. 10, 2019 at 10 a.m. EDT

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Graphics

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Sound bites

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1. Highlights for 2018 Poverty Data

Download English [MP4]

Attribute to: Ashley Edwards, Branch Chief, Social, Economic and Housing Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

"So, the poverty rate in 2018 was 11.8%. This is a decline of half a percentage point from 2017. This is the fourth consecutive annual decline in poverty rates, reflecting a 3 percentage point decline since 2014."

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Aspectos Destacados de los Datos de Pobreza de 2018

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Attribute to: Gloria Guzman, Statistician, Social, Economic and Housing Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

"La tasa de pobreza oficial en 2018 fue 11.8 por ciento, medio punto porcentual menos que 12.3 en 2017. Este es el cuarto año consecutivo que hubo un descenso en la pobreza, con un descenso de tres puntos porcentuales en la tasa de pobreza desde 2014, de 14.8 por ciento a 11.8 por ciento."

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2. Additional Findings for 2018 Poverty Data

Attribute to: Ashley Edwards, Branch Chief, Social, Economic and Housing Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

Download English [MP4]

"One interesting finding is that the poverty rate of 11.8% in 2018, is the first time in 11 years that we’ve seen a poverty rate that’s lower than 2007, the year before the most recent recession."

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Hallazgos Adicionales Para los Datos de Pobreza de 2018

Attribute to: Gloria Guzman, Statistician, Social, Economic and Housing Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

Download Spanish [MP4]

"En el 2018, por la primera vez en 11 años, la tasa de pobreza fue más baja que en el 2007, el año antes de la recesión más reciente. En 2018 habia 38.1 millones de personas en pobreza- 1.4 millones menos del 2017."

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3. Female Householders and Poverty Rate

Attribute to: Ashley Edwards, Branch Chief, Social, Economic and Housing Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

Download English [MP4]

"So, one interesting story this year, is that among individuals who are living in families with a female householder, and no spouse present, our poverty rates for this group declined 1.7 percentage points in 2018, to a rate of 26.8%. This is the lowest poverty rate among this population since the Census Bureau began producing these estimates, and we actually have an <America Counts story> that goes into more detail about this group."

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Mujeres en el Hogar y Tasa de Pobreza

Attribute to: Gloria Guzman, Statistician, Social, Economic and Housing Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

Download Spanish [MP4]

“En el 2018 la taza de pobreza para gente en familias con jefa de hogar, sin esposa o esposo en el hogar, fue 26.8 por ciento, un decenso de 1.7 puntos puocentuales. Ese es la taza de pobreza mas baja para gente en esto tipo de familia desde que el Censo empezo a producer estadisticas para esta poblacion. Podras econtrar mas informacion sobre estas familias en nuestra historia de ‘America Counts’.”

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4. Highlights for 2018 Income Data

Attribute to: Jonathan Rothbaum, Branch Chief, Social, Economic and Housing Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

Download English [MP4]

“We saw gains for women in the labor force. There we 1.1 million more women working in 2018 than in 2017, whereas for men, we did not see a statistically significant increase. This is also true for full time year round workers; there were 1.6 million more women working full time year round in 2018 than in 2017, and for men, that increase was 700,000.“

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Aspectos Destacados de los Datos de Ingresos de 2018

Attribute to: Gloria Guzman, Statistician, Social, Economic and Housing Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

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“Continuamos de ver ganancias para mujeres. Entre el 2017 y 2018, el numero de mujeres trabajando aumento en 1.1. millones, mientras el numero de los hombres trabajando permanecio igual. Entre los trabajadores que trabajan tiempo completo, todo el año hubo un aumento de 1.6 millones de mujeres y 700,000 de hombres.”

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5. Median Household Income

Attribute to: Jonathan Rothbaum, Branch Chief, Social, Economic and Housing Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

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“Although we didn’t see increases in real median household income at the median, there were sub-groups for which we did see it. One of those is people in the second quintile, so, not at the bottom of the distribution but more lower middle-income households, they saw increases in their household income; their share of total income increase by 2.3%.”

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Ingresos Medios del Hogar

Attribute to: Gloria Guzman, Statistician, Social, Economic and Housing Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

Download Spanish [MP4]

“En general, no vimos cambios en la mediana de ingresos, pero si vimos aumentos en los ingresos que estan bajo en la distribucion.  El segundo quintil incluye a hogares que no estan en la base de la distribucion pero estan en la parte baja de la mediana, para simplicidad voy a referir a estos hogares como la clase media baja. Estos hogares de clase media baja tuvieron ingresos que aumetaron por 2.3 por ciento.”

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6. Highlights for 2018 Health Insurance Coverage Data

Attribute to: Laryssa Mykyta, Branch Chief, Social, Economic and Housing Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

Download English [MP4]

“8.5 percent of the population, or about 27.5 million people, went without health insurance coverage in 2018. This represents a 0.5 percentage point increase in the uninsured rate since 2017.”

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Aspectos Destacados Para los Datos de Cobertura de Seguro de Salud 2018

Attribute to: Adriana Hernandez-Viver, Survey Statistician, Health and Disability Statistics, Social, Economic and Housing Statistics Division, U.S. Census Bureau

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 “En el 2018, 8.5% de la población, lo que equivale a 27.5 millones de personas, no tuvieron cobertura de seguro médico en el 2018. Esto fue un aumento de 0.5 puntos porcentuales comparado con el 2017.”

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7. Redesigned Health Insurance Questions

Attribute to: Laryssa Mykyta, Branch Chief, Social, Economic and Housing Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

Download English [MP4]

“We redesigned the health insurance questions in 2014 after years of research, stake holder engagement, and rigorous testing and evaluation. Prior research had suggested that our measures of un-insurance were not aligned with other federal surveys and administrative data. So we changed our questions primarily to improve our measures of health insurance coverage, to reduce respondent burden, and to better describe the rapidly changing health insurance landscape.”

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Preguntas de Seguro Médico Rediseñado

Attribute to: Adriana Hernandez-Viver, Survey Statistician, Health and Disability Statistics, Social, Economic and Housing Statistics Division, U.S. Census Bureau

Download Spanish [MP4]

 “En el 2014, las preguntas fueron rediseñadas luego de varios años de investigaciones, participación de grupos de interés y pruebas y varias pruebas e investigaciones extensas. Las razones fueron 1) ayudar a medir por la cobertura de salud, 2) ayudar a reducir la carga de los encuestados, 3) ayudar a describir mejor el panorama de seguros médicos, el cual cambia rápidamente.”

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8. Uninsured Rate for Children

Attribute to: Laryssa Mykyta, Branch Chief, Social, Economic and Housing Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

Download English [MP4]

“The uninsured rate for children aged 18 and under, increased 0.6 percentage points between 2017 and 2018. That means an additional 425,000 children, or 4.3 million in total, went without insurance for calendar year 2018.“

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Tarifa no Asegurada Para Niños

Attribute to: Adriana Hernandez-Viver, Survey Statistician, Health and Disability Statistics, Social, Economic and Housing Statistics Division, U.S. Census Bureau

Download Spanish [MP4]

 “Otros de los hallazgos descartados fue que el porcentaje de niños de 18 años o menores sin seguro médico tuvieron un incremento de 0.6 puntos porcentuales entre 2017 y 2018.  Esto implica que 45,000 niños adicionales, o 4.3 millones de niños en total, no tuvieron cobertura de seguro de salud en todo el año 2018.”

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