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Constitution Day

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The framers of The Constitution of the United States chose population to be the basis for sharing political power, not wealth or land. Thus, they included in the Constitution a mandatory count of the population every 10 years (decennial census). “Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers…” --The Constitution of the United States, Article I, Section 2.

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Apportionment is the process of dividing the seats in the House of Representatives among the 50 states based on the population figures collected during the decennial census.  

Congress sets the number in law and increased the number to 435 in 1913. The Constitution set the number of representatives at 65 from 1787 until the first Census of 1790, when it was increased to 105 members.

 

 

Constitution Day Fun Facts and Teaching Guide

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