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1960 Census of Population, Supplementary Reports: Occupation of the Experienced Civilian Labor Force and the Labor Reserve: 1960

Report Number PC(S1)-40
Component ID: #ti1685419087

The tables presented here are preprints of tables 201, 205, 207, and 208 from Final Report PC(l)-1D, which contains additional summary information on the detailed characteristics of the population.

The occupation group "professional, technical, and kindred workers" increased 47 percent since the 1950 Census, in contrast to the total experienced civilian labor force growth of 15 percent. Occupations in the professional group with the highest relative increases are designers (132 percent), aeronautical engineers (194 percent), industrial engineers (140 percent), mathematicians (348 percent), and psychologists (147 percent). The total number of technicians increased 142 percent over the decade, the largest increase occurring among the electrical and electronic technicians (679 percent). Several clerical occupations also registered substantial increases, namely, cashiers, office machine operators, receptionists, and secretaries.

A major change took place during the 10-year span in the managerial field. The number of managers, officials, and proprietors (n.e.c.) who are salaried increased 43 percent and are now numerically greater than the self-employed which decreased 22 percent.

Farmers and farm managers had the largest decrease both numerically and proportionately of any major group. The decrease was 1,799,474, or 42 percent. Along with this, farm laborers and foremen decreased nearly l million, or 38 percent. Although the craftsmen and operatives groups increased as a whole, many occupations in these groups had substantial decreases as technological changes altered the demand for these occupations.

The unemployment rate for males by major occupation group ranged from 0.8 percent for farmers and farm managers, to 12 percent for laborers, except farm and mine.

The PDF to the right contains the 18-page report.

Component ID: #ti702095047

A Note on Language

Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.

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