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Health statistics are increasingly important in measuring the nation’s overall well-being. The Census Bureau provides accurate, detailed and up-to-date statistics—covering people and business—relating to health in America.

We produce statistics on the prevalence of disability and fertility, the percentages of people with and without health insurance—even down to the county level through Small Area Health Insurance Estimates (SAHIE), and the expenses and investments made by health care establishments. We even collect data on international HIV/AIDS and health care access for other agencies.

Our sources for demographic statistics include the American Community Survey (ACS), the Current Population Survey (CPS), and the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). For economic statistics, sources include County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, the Economic Census, the Service Annual Survey, and Statistics of U.S. Businesses.

Component ID: #ti1004400868


  • Disability: These are statistics about people who have difficulty doing ordinary activities because of physical, mental, or emotional conditions. Estimates of disability prevalence from the SIPP are more comprehensive and examine a greater number of activities. ACS measures core aspects of disability but is capable of producing estimates for states, counties, and metropolitan areas.
  • Expenses & Investments: These are statistics on how health care establishments collect funds and how they spend money, from expenses for day-to-day operations to investments in long-term infrastructure.
  • Fertility: An historical perspective showing the cumulative fertility experience of women to date is available in the June Supplement to the Current Population Survey (CPS). The Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) includes a Fertility History Topical Module, with detailed questions about fertility of American women and men, children ever born, mothers’ participation in the labor force, and maternity leave. The current fertility experiences of women with a birth in the last year are shown based on data collected annually from the American Community Survey (ACS) at the national and state level.
    (The Census Bureau is not the primary source for data on births. The primary source is the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). NCHS can provide information on the number of births, percent of unmarried mothers, and more. Contact NCHS: 1-800-232-4636 or
  • Health Insurance: The Census Bureau broadly classifies health insurance as private coverage or government coverage. Private health insurance coverage includes plans provided through an employer or a union or purchased by an individual from a private company. Government health insurance coverage includes federal programs, such as Medicare, Medicaid, military health care, and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP); and individual state health plans.
  • HIV/AIDS: The HIV/AIDS Surveillance Data Base is a compilation of information from widely scattered small-scale surveys on the AIDS pandemic and HIV infection in population groups in developing countries. The Data Base is updated annually and hosts information from the medical and scientific literature, presentations at international conferences, and the press. The Data Base includes all countries and areas of the world with populations of 5,000 and above, except Northern America and U.S. territories. The U.S. Census Bureau maintains it with funds from the U.S. Agency for International Development.
  • Small Area Health Insurance Estimates (SAHIE): The SAHIE program produces and is the only source of single-year estimates of health insurance coverage for states and all counties. SAHIE releases estimates of health insurance coverage by age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, and selected income categories. The estimates can be used to examine the location and concentrations of those with or without health insurance coverage.

Component ID: #ti1138410445

Contact Us

For assistance, please contact the Census Call Center at 1-800-923-8282 (toll free) or visit for further information.

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