Skip Header

We are hiring thousands of people for the 2020 Census. Click to learn more and apply.

The Business Formation Statistics (BFS) are a product of the U.S. Census Bureau developed in research collaboration with economists affiliated with Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, University of Maryland, and University of Notre Dame. The current BFS is released as a research product in “beta” form. A final version is in the research and development phase.

The Business Formation Statistics (BFS) provide timely and high frequency data on:

  • Business applications as indicated by applications for an Employer Identification Number (EIN)
  • Actual and projected business formations originating from business applications based on the record of first payroll tax liability for an EIN
  • Delay in business formation as indicated by the average duration between business application and business formation

The BFS data cover:

  • The period starting from the third quarter of 2004 (2004q3) at a quarterly frequency
  • The United States - nationwide and individual states

The Census Bureau’s Research Matters blog about the BFS release (February 2018)

You May Be Interested In

You May Be Interested In

  Is this page helpful?
Thumbs Up Image Yes    Thumbs Down Image No
Comments or suggestions?
No, thanks
255 characters remaining
Thank you for your feedback.
Comments or suggestions?
Back to Header