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Comparing 2016 American Community Survey Data

Component ID: #ti382672984

Learn more about comparing the 2016 ACS 1-year estimates with:

  • 2015 ACS 1-year estimates
  • 2010 Census
  • 2000 Census

To learn more about comparing the 2012-2016 ACS 5-year estimates with the 2007-2011 ACS 5-year estimates visit the 5-year to 5-year Comparison Guide page.

If you would like to compare the 2016 ACS 1-year with estimates with ACS estimates prior to the 2015 ACS, please refer to the year-by-year comparison guidance throughout the entire time span. For example, to compare the 2016 ACS 1-year estimates with the 2014 ACS 1-year estimates, please reference:

  • Guidance for comparing 2016 ACS 1-year with 2015 ACS 1-year estimates
  • Guidance for comparing 2015 ACS 1-year with 2014 ACS 1-year estimates


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Component ID: #ti385419986

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Age)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Age)

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2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Age)

Compare with Caution

The entire population continually ages into older age groups over time and babies fill in the youngest age group. So, the population of a certain age is made up of a completely different group of people from one time period to the next. Since populations occasionally experience booms/increases (for example, the postwar Baby Boom from 1946-1964) and busts/decreases in births, deaths, or migration, one should not necessarily expect that the population in an age group in Census 2000 should be similar in size or proportion to the population in the same age group in different data year(s). For example, Baby Boomers were age 36 to 54 in Census 2000 while they were age 52 to 70 in the 2016 ACS 1-year, and between ages 48 to 70 in the 2012-2016 5-year period. So, the age groups 55 to 59, 60 to 64, and 65 to 69 would show a considerable increase in population when comparing Census 2000 data with the single year or multiyear ACS data.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Sex)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Sex)

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2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Sex)

Compare with Caution

Beginning with the 2008 ACS questionnaire, the layout of the sex question response categories was changed to a horizontal side-by-side layout from a vertically stacked layout on the mail paper ACS questionnaire. For more information on differences in the questionnaire, see 2007 ACS Grid-Sequential Test report.

Component ID: #ti869879392

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Race)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Race)

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2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Race)

Compare with Caution

Differences between the 2016 ACS and Census 2000 may be the result of demographic changes and/or differences in question wording (the ACS question on race was revised in 2008 to make it consistent with the 2010 Census race question), race reporting, or methodological differences in the population estimates used as ACS controls.

Component ID: #ti916705881

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Hispanic or Latino Origin)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Hispanic or Latino Origin)

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2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Hispanic or Latino Origin)

Compare with Caution

The ACS question on Hispanic origin was revised in 2008 to make it consistent with the 2010 Census Hispanic origin question. Any change, compared with Census 2000, may be due to demographic changes, questionnaire changes, differences in ACS population controls, and/or methodological differences in the population estimates.

Component ID: #ti351214785

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Ancestry)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Ancestry)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Ancestry)

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Ancestry is the only item for which a "not reported" category is published since missing ancestries are never assigned or allocated. The extent of missing ancestry answers was higher in Census 2000 than in the ACS. The difference in the level of response may contribute to the difference in the two distributions.

Component ID: #ti813352298

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Citizenship Status)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Citizenship Status)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Citizenship Status)

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2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Nativity)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Nativity)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Nativity)

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2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Year of Entry)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Year of Entry)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Year of Entry)

Compare With Caution

For data year 2012 and subsequent years, note that the topmost year of entry category in many tables was changed from "2000 or later" to "2010 or later." For data year 2011 and earlier, note that Census 2000 represents data collected as of April 1, 2000 and thus the "2000" year of entry category accounts for the first quarter (Jan-Mar) in 2000 only. The ACS represents data collected throughout the entire year and thus the "2000" year of entry category accounts for the entire year of 2000.

Component ID: #ti864431787

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Place of Birth)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Place of Birth)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Place of Birth)

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Component ID: #ti1828115800

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Residence 1 Year Ago/Migration)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Residence 1 Year Ago/Migration)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Residence 1 Year Ago/Migration)

Do Not Compare

The ACS asked for residence 1 year ago whereas Census 2000 asked for residence 5 years ago.

Component ID: #ti1573871066

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Means of Transportation to Work)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Means of Transportation to Work)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Means of Transportation to Work)

Compare

The ACS excludes taxicabs in the tabulation category of "public transportation" and includes them in the category "taxicab, motorcycle, bicycle or other means." However, Census 2000 included taxicabs in the "public transportation" tabulation category.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Place of Work)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Place of Work)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Place of Work)

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2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Private Vehicle Occupancy)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Private Vehicle Occupancy)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Private Vehicle Occupancy)

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2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Time Leaving Home)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Time Leaving Home)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Time Leaving Home)

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2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Travel Time to Work)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Travel Time to Work)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Travel Time to Work)

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Component ID: #ti533313069

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Relationship to Householder)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Relationship to Householder)

Do Not Compare

The ACS used a joint relationship/marital status edit and 2010 Census did not. The ACS also has a category for foster children which is not in the 2010 Census. Differences in weighting schemes between the census and the ACS could produce inconsistencies in comparisons.

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Relationship to Householder)

Do Not Compare

The ACS used a joint relationship/marital status edit and Census 2000 did not. Also, Census 2000 provided more response categories because of a write-in option that was not used in the ACS. Differences in weighting schemes between the census and the ACS could produce inconsistencies in comparisons.

Component ID: #ti1499782128

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Grandparents as Caregivers)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Grandparents as Caregivers)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Grandparents as Caregivers)

Compare

Component ID: #ti1299426149

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Household/Family Type)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Household/Family Type)

Do Not Compare

The ACS used a joint relationship/marital status edit and 2010 Census did not. The ACS also has a category for foster children, which is not in the 2010 Census. Differences in weighting schemes between the census and the ACS could produce inconsistencies in comparisons.

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Household/Family Type)

Do Not Compare

The ACS used a joint relationship/marital status edit and Census 2000 did not--these edits are used to determine categories of family types. Also, Census 2000 provided more response categories because of a write-in option that was not used in the ACS. Differences in weighting schemes between the census and the ACS could produce inconsistencies in comparisons.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Subfamilies)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Subfamilies)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Subfamilies)

Do Not Compare

Due to a write-in option, Census 2000 provided more response categories than the ACS from which to derive estimates of subfamilies. In addition, the weighting schemes that were used to produce the final estimated numbers of subfamilies were different.

Component ID: #ti1918982768

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Marital Status)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Marital Status)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Marital Status)

Compare

The ACS used a joint relationship/marital status edit and Census 2000 did not.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Marital History)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Marital History)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Marital History)

The question was not asked in Census 2000

Component ID: #ti1002219382

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Fertility)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Fertility)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Fertility)

The question was not asked in Census 2000

Component ID: #ti1352131155

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Type of School & School Enrollment)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Type of School & School Enrollment)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Type of School & School Enrollment)

Compare

The ACS reference period was 3 months preceding the date of interview, while the Census 2000 reference period was any time since February 1, 2000.

Component ID: #ti1347826135

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Educational Attainment)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Educational Attainment)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Educational Attainment)

Compare

The ACS has two separate categories for completing high school - "Regular high school diploma" and "GED or alternative credential." Census 2000 has only one category for completing high school - "HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATE - high school diploma or equivalent (for example: GED)." As a result, users may see differences in distributions when comparing Census 2000 to ACS data from 2008 and later years. 


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Field of Degree)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Field of Degree)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Field of Degree)

The question was not asked in Census 2000

Component ID: #ti1052221043

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Ability to Speak English)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Ability to Speak English)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Ability to Speak English)

Compare


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Language Spoken at Home)

Compare with Caution

Some languages need additional steps for comparison. Please refer to the 2016 Language Data User Note for comparability guidance.

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Language Spoken at Home)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Language Spoken at Home)

Compare with Caution

Some languages need additional steps for comparison. Please refer to the 2016 Language Data User Note for comparability guidance.

Component ID: #ti1371360230

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Poverty Status of Families and People in Families)

Compare with Caution

As ACS data are collected every month of the year, adjacent years will have some reference months in common. Hence, comparing the 2016 ACS 1-year with the 2015 ACS 1-year estimates is not an exact comparison of the economic conditions in 2016 with those in 2015. For a discussion of this and related issues, see Hogan, Howard, "Measuring Population Change Using the American Community Survey," Applied Demography in the 21st Century, Steven H. Murdock and David A. Swanson eds., Springer Netherlands, 2008. For specific questions and answers about sources of poverty data, see Questions and Answers about Sources of Poverty Data[PDF - <1.0 MB]. 

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Poverty Status of Families and People in Families)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Poverty Status of Families and People in Families)

Compare with Caution

The ACS collects data throughout the year on an on-going, monthly basis and asks for a respondent's income over the "past 12 months." Census 2000, however, collected the income data for a fixed period of time -- "during 1999" (the last calendar year). For example, the 2016 ACS 1-year data reflect incomes over 2015-2016, and the 2012-2016 ACS 5-year data reflect incomes over 2011-2016. In a comparison study between Census 2000 income data and the 2000 ACS, income collected in Census 2000 was found to be about 4 percent higher than that in the 2000 ACS. For more information on the differences of income in the ACS and Census 2000, see Income in the American Community Survey: Comparison to Census 2000[PDF - <1.0 MB]. For specific questions and answers about sources of poverty data, see Questions and Answers about Sources of Poverty Data[PDF - <1.0 MB]. 


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Poverty Status of All People in the Poverty Universe)

Compare with Caution

As ACS data are collected every month of the year, adjacent years will have some reference months in common. Hence, comparing the 2016 ACS 1-year with the 2015 ACS 1-year estimates is not an exact comparison of the economic conditions in 2016 with those in 2015. For a discussion of this and related issues, see Hogan, Howard, "Measuring Population Change Using the American Community Survey," Applied Demography in the 21st Century, Steven H. Murdock and David A. Swanson eds., Springer Netherlands, 2008. For specific questions and answers about sources of poverty data, see Questions and Answers about Sources of Poverty Data[PDF - <1.0 MB].

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Poverty Status of All People in the Poverty Universe)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Poverty Status of All People in the Poverty Universe)

Compare with Caution

The ACS collects data throughout the year on an on-going, monthly basis and asks for a respondent's income over the "past 12 months." Census 2000, however, collected the income data for a fixed period of time -- "during 1999" (the last calendar year). For example, the 2016 ACS 1-year data reflect incomes over 2015-2016, and the 2012-2016 ACS 5-year data reflect incomes over 2011-2016. In a comparison study between Census 2000 income data and the 2000 ACS, income collected in Census 2000 was found to be about 4 percent higher than that in the 2000 ACS. For more information on the differences of income in the ACS and Census 2000, see Income in the American Community Survey: Comparison to Census 2000[PDF - <1.0 MB]. For specific questions and answers about sources of poverty data, see Questions and Answers about Sources of Poverty Data[PDF - <1.0 MB].

Component ID: #ti391907311

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Hearing / Vision difficulty)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Hearing / Vision difficulty)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Hearing / Vision difficulty)

Do Not Compare

The 2016 ACS disability questions are different from the Census 2000 disability questions, thus comparisons cannot be made.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Cognitive / Ambulatory / Self-care difficulty)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Cognitive / Ambulatory / Self-care difficulty)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Cognitive / Ambulatory / Self-care difficulty)

Do Not Compare

The 2016 ACS disability questions are different from the Census 2000 disability questions, thus comparisons cannot be made.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Independent Living difficulty)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Independent Living difficulty)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Independent Living difficulty)

Do Not Compare

The 2016 ACS disability questions are different from the Census 2000 disability questions, thus comparisons cannot be made.

Component ID: #ti1063298378

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Household and Family Incomes)

Compare with Caution

As ACS data are collected every month of the year, adjacent years will have some reference months in common. Hence, comparing the 2016 ACS 1-year with the 2015 ACS 1-year estimates is not an exact comparison of the economic conditions in 2016 with those in 2015. For a discussion of this and related issues, see Hogan, Howard, "Measuring Population Change Using the American Community Survey," Applied Demography in the 21st Century, Steven H. Murdock and David A. Swanson eds., Springer Netherlands, 2008. For specific questions and answers about sources of poverty data, see Questions and Answers about Sources of Poverty Data [PDF - <1.0 MB]. 

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Household and Family Incomes)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Household and Family Incomes)

Compare with Caution

The ACS collects data throughout the year on an on-going, monthly basis and asks for a respondent's income over the "past 12 months." Census 2000, however, collected the income data for a fixed period of time -- "during 1999" (the last calendar year). For example, the 2016 ACS 1-year data reflect incomes over 2015-2016, and the 2012-2016 ACS 5-year data reflect incomes over 2011-2016. In a comparison study between Census 2000 income data and the 2000 ACS, income collected in Census 2000 was found to be about 4 percent higher than that in the 2000 ACS. For more information on the differences of income in the ACS and Census 2000, see Income in the American Community Survey: Comparison to Census 2000[PDF - <1.0 MB]. The Census Bureau recommends using CPI-U-RS adjustment factors published annually by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to adjust 1999 median, mean, and per capita income dollar amounts shown in Census 2000 Summary File 3 to 2016 dollars by multiplying the 1999 dollar amounts by the CPI-U-RS factor of 1.4415372. For CPI-U-RS inflation adjustment factors for other years see Updated CPI-U-RS, All items, 1977-2016[PDF - <1.0 MB]. Furthermore, direct comparisons of income and earnings distributions between Census 2000 and the 2016 ACS are not possible due to inflation. Users interested in making distribution comparisons need to inflation adjust individual income records using the Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS) files from Census 2000.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Sources of Household Income)

Compare with Caution

As ACS data are collected every month of the year, adjacent years will have some reference months in common. Hence, comparing the 2016 ACS 1-year with the 2015 ACS 1-year estimates is not an exact comparison of the economic conditions in 2016 with those in 2015. For a discussion of this and related issues, see Hogan, Howard, "Measuring Population Change Using the American Community Survey," Applied Demography in the 21st Century, Steven H. Murdock and David A. Swanson eds., Springer Netherlands, 2008. For specific questions and answers about sources of poverty data, see Questions and Answers about Sources of Poverty Data [PDF - <1.0 MB]. 

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Sources of Household Income)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Sources of Household Income)

Compare with Caution

The ACS collects data throughout the year on an on-going, monthly basis and asks for a respondent's income over the "past 12 months." Census 2000, however, collected the income data for a fixed period of time -- "during 1999" (the last calendar year). In a comparison study between Census 2000 income data and the 2000 ACS, income collected in Census 2000 was found to be about 4 percent higher than that in the 2000 ACS. For more information on the differences of income in the ACS and Census 2000, see Income in the American Community Survey: Comparison to Census 2000[PDF - <1.0 MB]. The Census Bureau recommends using CPI-U-RS adjustment factors published annually by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to adjust 1999 median, mean, and per capita income dollar amounts shown in Census 2000 Summary File 3 to 2016 dollars by multiplying the 1999 dollar amounts by the CPI-U-RS factor of 1.4415372. For CPI-U-RS inflation adjustment factors for other years see Updated CPI-U-RS, All items, 1977-2016 [PDF - <1.0 MB]. Furthermore, direct comparisons of income and earnings distributions between Census 2000 and the 2016 ACS are not possible due to inflation. Users interested in making distribution comparisons need to inflation adjust individual income records using the Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS) files from Census 2000.

Component ID: #ti1115471385

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Earnings (people), Income (people), and Per Capita Income)

Compare with Caution

As ACS data are collected every month of the year, adjacent years will have some reference months in common. Hence, comparing the 2016 ACS 1-year with the 2015 ACS 1-year estimates is not an exact comparison of the economic conditions in 2016 with those in 2015. For a discussion of this and related issues, see Hogan, Howard, "Measuring Population Change Using the American Community Survey," Applied Demography in the 21st Century, Steven H. Murdock and David A. Swanson eds., Springer Netherlands, 2008. For specific questions and answers about sources of poverty data, see Questions and Answers about Sources of Poverty Data[PDF - <1.0 MB].

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Earnings (people), Income (people), and Per Capita Income)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Earnings (people), Income (people), and Per Capita Income)

Compare with Caution

The ACS collects data throughout the year on an on-going, monthly basis and asks for a respondent's income over the "past 12 months." Census 2000, however, collected the income data for a fixed period of time -- "during 1999" (the last calendar year). For example, the 2016 ACS 1-year data reflect incomes over 2015-2016, and the 2012-2016 ACS 5-year data reflect incomes over 2011-2016. In a comparison study between Census 2000 income data and the 2000 ACS, income collected in Census 2000 was found to be about 4 percent higher than that in the 2000 ACS. For more information on the differences of income in the ACS and Census 2000, see Income in the American Community Survey: Comparison to Census 2000[PDF - <1.0 MB]. The Census Bureau recommends using CPI-U-RS adjustment factors published annually by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to adjust 1999 median, mean, and per capita income dollar amounts shown in Census 2000 Summary File 3 to 2016 dollars by multiplying the 1999 dollar amounts by the CPI-U-RS factor of 1.4415372. For CPI-U-RS inflation adjustment factors for other years see Updated CPI-U-RS, All items, 1978-2016 [PDF - <1.0 MB]. Furthermore, direct comparisons of income and earnings distributions between Census 2000 and the 2016 ACS are not possible due to inflation. Users interested in making distribution comparisons need to inflation adjust individual income records using the Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS) files from Census 2000.

Component ID: #ti1534135228

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Period of Military Service)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Period of Military Service)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Period of Military Service)

Compare

Since Census 2000, the period of military service categories on the ACS questionnaire were updated to: 1) include the most recent period "September 2001 or later;" 2) update the Korean War and World War II dates to match the official dates as listed in US Code, Title 38; and 3) collapse peacetime periods between the Vietnam era and the 1990 Gulf War. While the response categories differ slightly from those in Census 2000, data from the two questions can still be compared to one another.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Veteran Status)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Veteran Status)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Veteran Status)

Compare with Caution

The ACS has two separate questions for veteran status and period of military service, whereas in Census 2000, both were asked in a two part question. The veteran status question itself remained similar until 2013. In 2013, the italicized instruction to the question was removed and the response categories were revised and rearranged. Users should use caution when comparing 2016 ACS data with Census 2000. 


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Service-Connected Disability Status and Ratings)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Service-Connected Disability Status and Ratings)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Service-Connected Disability Status and Ratings)

The question was not asked in Census 2000

Component ID: #ti1195110956

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Food Stamp/SNAP Benefit)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Food Stamp/SNAP Benefit)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Food Stamp/SNAP Benefit)

The question was not asked in Census 2000

Component ID: #ti1621581055

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Employment Status)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Employment Status)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Employment Status)

Compare with Caution

The reference periods are different due to year-round ACS data collection. The ACS reference period is the week prior to the respondent completing the interview, or the field representative conducting the interview. Because questionnaires are mailed-out and field interviews are conducted throughout the year, there is a revolving reference period. For Census 2000, the reference period was the week prior to Census Day (April 1, 2000). The Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF3) labor force data for some places where colleges are located appear to overstate the estimates of people in the labor force, the unemployed, and the percent unemployed because of data capture errors.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Hours Worked)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Hours Worked)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Hours Worked)

Compare

The ACS reference period is 12 months preceding the date of interview, while the Census 2000 reference period was the 1999 calendar year.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Weeks Worked)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Weeks Worked)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Weeks Worked)

Compare

The ACS reference period is 12 months preceding the date of interview, while the Census 2000 reference period was the 1999 calendar year.

Component ID: #ti484085379

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Class of Worker)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Class of Worker)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Class of Worker)

Compare with Caution

The 2016 ACS Industry by Class of Worker tables combine "Unpaid family workers" with "Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers." The Census 2000 tables use different tabulation categories than the ACS. Also, the Census 2000 tables did not include the "full-time, year-round" population and there were no median earnings Class of Worker tables. Thus, comparisons cannot be made for this population or characteristic.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Industry)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Industry)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Industry)

Compare with Caution

Census 2000 industry codes are 3-digit codes based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 1997. The 2016 ACS industry codes are 4-digit codes based on NAICS 2012. Codes and descriptions, particularly within manufacturing, wholesale trade and retail trade sectors changed. For a summary of the 2012 code changes and a Census 2000/2002 to 2012 industry crosswalk, visit the Industry and Occupation page.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Occupation)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Occupation)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Occupation)

Compare with Caution

Census 2000 occupation codes are 3-digit codes based on Standard Occupation Classification (SOC) 2000. The 2016 ACS occupation codes are 4-digit codes based on SOC 2010. Codes and descriptions, particularly within the information technology, healthcare, printing, and human resources occupation categories changed. For a summary of 2010 code changes and a Census 2000/2002 to 2010 occupation crosswalk, visit the Industry and Occupation page

Component ID: #ti1695673010

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Bedrooms)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Bedrooms)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Bedrooms)

Compare with Caution

Beginning in 2008, the ACS bedrooms question contained different wording and response options than the Census 2000 question.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Contract, Gross, and Asking Rent)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Contract, Gross, and Asking Rent)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Contract, Gross, and Asking Rent)

Do Not Compare

For Census 2000, tables were not released for total renter-occupied units. The universe in the ACS is "renter occupied" whereas in Census 2000 the universe was "specified renter-occupied housing units," thus comparisons cannot be made.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Cost of Utilities)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Cost of Utilities)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Cost of Utilities)

Compare


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Gross Rent as a Percentage of Household Income)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Gross Rent as a Percentage of Household Income)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Gross Rent as a Percentage of Household Income)

Do Not Compare

For Census 2000, tables were not released for total renter-occupied units. The universe in the ACS is "renter occupied" whereas in Census 2000, the universe was "specified renter-occupied housing units," thus comparisons cannot be made.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (House Heating Fuel)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (House Heating Fuel)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (House Heating Fuel)

Compare


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Kitchen Facilities)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Kitchen Facilities)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Kitchen Facilities)

Compare with Caution

Changes made between 2007 and 2008 to the ACS question wording as well as the response options resulted in an increase in the "Lacking Kitchen Facilities" category compared with pre-2008 ACS and Census 2000.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Mortgage Status)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Mortgage Status)

Compare with Caution

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census; however, mortgage status can be obtained from the tenure question (owned with a mortgage or loan, including home equity loans; or owned free and clear, without a mortgage or loan).

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Mortgage Status)

Compare

The with a mortgage/without a mortgage categories were released in Census 2000 for both total owner-occupied units and specified owner-occupied units.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Occupants per Room)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Occupants per Room)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Occupants per Room)

Do Not Compare

Due to the differences in residence rules between ACS and Census 2000, the absence of population controls used to adjust for undercoverage in the reported number of current residences, and the differences in the reported number of rooms due to changes in the room question between 2007 and 2008, comparisons between ACS and Census 2000 are not recommended.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Owner Costs as a Percentage of Household Income)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Owner Costs as a Percentage of Household Income)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Owner Costs as a Percentage of Household Income)

Do Not Compare

For Census 2000, tables were not released for total owner-occupied units.  The universe in the ACS is "owner-occupied" whereas in Census 2000, the universe was "specified owner-occupied housing units," thus comparisons cannot be made.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Plumbing Facilities)

Compare with Caution

Before 2016, complete plumbing required running water, a flush toilet, and bathtub or shower.  In 2016, the question about whether the housing unit had a toilet was removed;  beginning in 2016, running water and bathtub or shower constituted complete plumbing.

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Plumbing Facilities)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Plumbing Facilities)

Compare with Caution

Changes made between 2007 and 2008 to the ACS question wording as well as the response option resulted in an increase in the "Lacking Plumbing Facilities" category compared with pre-2008 ACS and Census 2000. In 2016, these differences between the current year ACS and pre-2008 ACS and Census 2000 was compounded by the new definition of complete plumbing.  Before 2016, complete plumbing required running water, a flush toilet, and bathtub or shower.  In 2016, the question about whether the housing unit had a toilet was removed;  beginning in 2016, running water and bathtub or shower constituted complete plumbing.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Real Estate Taxes)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Real Estate Taxes)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Real Estate Taxes)

Do Not Compare

The universe in the ACS is "owner occupied" whereas in Census 2000, the universe was "specified owner-occupied housing units," thus comparisons cannot be made.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Rooms)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Rooms)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Rooms)

Compare with Caution

Beginning in 2008, the ACS rooms question contained different wording and response options than the Census 2000 question.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Selected Monthly Owner Costs)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Selected Monthly Owner Costs)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Selected Monthly Owner Costs)

Compare with Caution

For Census 2000, tables with full distribution were released for total owner-occupied units but medians were not shown. When available, compare like universes.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Telephone Service)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Telephone Service)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Telephone Service)

Compare with Caution

In 2008, there was a change in the wording and response options for the ACS question on telephone service.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Tenure)

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2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Tenure)

Compare

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Tenure)

Compare


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Units in Structure)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Units in Structure)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Units in Structure)

Compare


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Vacancy Status)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Vacancy Status)

Do Not Compare

Because the ACS and the Decennial Census differ in their design and data collection methods, users should note that estimates of vacancy rates may also differ. For more information on vacancy rates between the ACS and Census, see Comparing 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates of Occupancy Status, Vacancy Status, and Household Size with the 2010 Census - Preliminary Results

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Vacancy Status)

Do Not Compare

Because the ACS and the Decennial Census differ in their design and data collection methods, users should note that estimates of vacancy rates may also differ. For more information on vacancy rates between the ACS and Census, see Comparing 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates of Occupancy Status, Vacancy Status, and Household Size with the 2010 Census - Preliminary Results.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Value of Property)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Value of Property)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Value of Property)

Compare with Caution

Unlike Census 2000, the ACS allowed a write-in for values over $250,000 until 2007. Beginning in 2008, value was collected as a continuous variable. For Census 2000, tables with full distribution, medians, and aggregate values were released for both specified owner-occupied units as well as total owner-occupied units. ACS only releases tables for total owner-occupied units. When making comparisons users should compare like universes.


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Vehicles Available)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Vehicles Available)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Vehicles Available)

Compare


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Year Moved In)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Year Moved In)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Year Moved In)

Compare


2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Year Structure Built)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Year Structure Built)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Year Structure Built)

Compare

Component ID: #ti82617980

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Group Quarters Population)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Group Quarters Population)

Compare with Caution

The total group quarters (GQ) population in the ACS may not be comparable with the 2010 Census.  The ACS does not include all the GQ types that are found in the decennial census. For instance, domestic violence shelters, soup kitchens, regularly scheduled mobile food vans, and shelters for victims of natural disasters. The exclusion of these GQ types from the ACS may result in a small bias in some ACS estimates to the extent that the excluded population is different from the included population.

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Group Quarters Population)

Compare with Caution

The total group quarters (GQ) population in the ACS may not be comparable with Census 2000 because there are some Census 2000 GQ types that were out of scope in the ACS such as domestic violence shelters and soup kitchens. Also, there are some Census 2000 GQ type categories that are no longer valid (e.g., residential care facility providing "Protective Oversight," hospitals/wards for the chronically ill, and hospitals/wards for drug/alcohol abuse). The exclusion of these GQ types from the ACS may result in a small bias in some ACS estimates to the extent that the excluded population is different from the included population.

Component ID: #ti900618068

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Health Insurance)

Compare

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Health Insurance)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Health Insurance)

The question was not asked in Census 2000

Component ID: #ti1624363315

2016 ACS 1-Year with 2015 ACS 1-Year (Computer and Internet Use)

Compare with Caution

Questions on computer and Internet use were updated in 2016.  For example, a category for tablet was added and the term “handheld” was updated to “smartphone”. These changes have contributed to a higher reported rate of computer ownership or use.  Question wording changes may also have contributed to higher levels of Internet subscriptions, especially among those connecting with a “cellular data plan” or “mobile broadband” connection.  Reported rates of Internet subscriptions through satellite services also seem to have been affected. See Comparing 2016 Computer and Internet Use to Previous Years Data User Note.

2016 ACS with 2010 Census (Computer and Internet Use)

The question was not asked in the 2010 Census

2016 ACS with Census 2000 (Computer and Internet Use)

The question was not asked in Census 2000

Component ID: #ti382672985

* Each subject area is listed with its 2-digit code identifier. This code corresponds to the second and third characters of the ACS table number. For example, Table B08303 - Travel Time to Work has the second and third digits of "08" which corresponds to the subject Journey to Work; Workers; and Commuting.

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