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Release Number CB19-SFS.111
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Title 36 U.S.C. 126

Presidential Proclamation 2018

In September 1968, Congress authorized President Lyndon B. Johnson to proclaim National Hispanic Heritage Week to recognize the rich culture and contributions of Americans who trace their roots to Spain, Mexico, Central America, South America and Spanish-speaking nations of the Caribbean. Just two decades later, lawmakers expanded the observance to a monthlong celebration, stretching from Sept. 15 to Oct. 15.

The timing is key. National Hispanic Heritage Month – like its shorter precursor – always starts on Sept. 15, a historically significant day that marks the anniversary of independence of five Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. The designated period is also a nod to those from Mexico and Chile, which celebrate their independence on Sept. 16 and 18, respectively.

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Key Stats:

Source: 2017 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates.

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Note: The table above is cropped on the right side. Click on the image for full table.

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More Stats:

Source: 2017 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates.

Table S0201, Selected Population Profile in the United States (countries in the top 50 by population)

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Note: To access selected population profiles in the United States with a country in Central America, South America, Puerto Rico or the U.S. Virgin Islands not listed above, go to American FactFinder (Advanced Search), select Race and Ethnic Groups, select Detailed Groups and enter the name of the country. Select from the dropdown and click GO. Under Results, check the box and click Add. Close the top window and view the tables.


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Note: After you create an account, select options for “State Export Data (Origin of Movement)” or “State Import Data (State of Destination)” by “HS” or “NAICS.” Select “State,” “Measures,” “Commodity,” “Country” (select “Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and/or Venezuela”) and/or “Time” for data. For more information, see Quick Start Guide. USA Trade Online does not provide direct links to the data.


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Source: U.S. International Trade Data (1985-2019).

Trade in goods with:

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Note: To access U.S. trade figures with a country in Central America, South America, Puerto Rico or the U.S. Virgin Islands not listed above, enter the 4-digit code from this list of country codes into the following URL <>, replacing 0000 with the country code.


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Source: International Data Base and other sources per country.

Demographic overview of population, fertility, mortality and migration: 1995 to 2025.

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