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Release Number CB14-TPS.83
Component ID: #ti1342319827

A new report, “The Employment Status and Occupations of Gulf War-Era Veterans,” looks at those Gulf War veterans who began service on or after August 1990, the official start of the first Gulf War. It differentiates between “Gulf War I” veterans — those who served only during the August 1990 to August 2001 period — and “Gulf War II” veterans — those who served September 2001 or later or served in both periods. “Working age” is defined as between the ages of 18 and 64.

 According to the report, during the 2011-2013 time period:


  • Men and women veterans from both Gulf War eras were more likely to be employed in full-time, year-round jobs than their nonveteran counterparts.

Occupations of Full-Time, Year-Round Employed Veteran Men: 

  • Management occupations were the largest group for Gulf War I veteran men (12.1 percent) and nonveteran men (13.3 percent).
  • The largest occupation group for Gulf War II veteran men was protective service occupations (13.2 percent).

Occupations of Full-Time, Year-Round Employed Veteran Women: 

  • The largest occupation group for all women, veteran and nonveteran, was office and administrative support occupations.
  • About 17 percent of women veterans from both Gulf Wars worked in health care practitioners and technical occupations, compared with about 10 percent of nonveteran women.
  • About 5 percent of women veterans from both Gulf War eras worked in protective service occupations, compared with about 1 percent of nonveteran women.

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM): 

  • More Gulf War I and Gulf War II veteran women who were employed full time, year-round worked in STEM occupations (about 6 percent each) than nonveteran women (about 4 percent).
  • A higher percentage of Gulf War I veteran men who worked full time, year-round were employed in STEM occupations (11.5 percent), compared with Gulf War II veteran men (10.3 percent) and nonveterans (9.5 percent).

Internet Address: < >

About the Data

The statistics in this report are based on responses from people and households that participated in the American Community Survey from 2011 through 2013. These statistics are available on through the American FactFinder  tool. For more data about veterans of the U.S. armed forces, go to

About the American Community Survey

The American Community Survey provides a wide range of important statistics about all communities in the country. The American Community Survey gives communities the current information they need to plan investments and services. Retailers, homebuilders, police departments, and town and city planners are among the many private- and public-sector decision makers who count on these annual results. Visit the Stats in Action page to see some examples.

These statistics would not be possible without the participation of the randomly selected households in the survey.


Note: Statistics from sample surveys are subject to sampling and nonsampling error. All comparisons made in the reports have been tested and found to be statistically significant at the 90 percent confidence level, unless otherwise noted. Please consult the tables for specific margins of error. For more information, go to <>.

Changes in survey design from year to year can affect results. See <> for more information on changes affecting the 2013 statistics. See> for guidance on comparing 2013 American Community Survey statistics with previous years and the 2010 Census.

No news release associated with this release. Tip Sheet only.


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