Skip Header

We are hiring thousands of people for the 2020 Census. Click to learn more and apply.

Facts for Features: American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month: November 2016

Release Number CB16-FF.22
Component ID: #ti1195810326

NOV. 2, 2016 — The first American Indian Day was celebrated in May 1916 in New York. Red Fox James, a Blackfeet Indian, rode horseback from state to state to get endorsements from 24 state governments to have a day to honor American Indians. In 1990, President George H.W. Bush signed a joint congressional resolution designating November 1990 as “National American Indian Heritage Month.” Similar proclamations have been issued every year since 1994, and we now refer to this celebration as “American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month.” This Facts for Features presents statistics for American Indians and Alaska Natives, as this is one of the six major race categories classified by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

Component ID: #ti1926575948

“My Tribal Area” App: Preview the U.S. Census Bureau’s new interactive web tool that provides easy access to tribal and reservation data. My Tribal Area gives demographic and economic statistics, including data on population, jobs, housing, economy and education, on our nation’s 618 tribal areas using statistics from the American Community Survey. The full launch of the application is tentatively scheduled for this winter.

You can use the feedback form that's available in the app to provide comments and suggestions. An updated release scheduled this winter will make My Tribal Area even more comprehensive, with map images and descriptive legends for each tribal area, as well as estimates that include the years 2011 to 2015. The full launch of the application is tentatively scheduled for this winter.

Component ID: #ti1877515035

Population

6.6 million

The nation’s population of American Indians and Alaska Natives, including those of more than one race. They made up about 2.0 percent of the total population in 2015.

Component ID: #ti1877515036

10.2 million

The projected American Indian and Alaska Native population, alone or in combination, on July 1, 2060. They would constitute 2.4 percent of the total population.

Component ID: #ti1877515037

559,796

The American Indian and Alaska Native population, alone or in combination, age 65 and over, on July 1, 2015.

Component ID: #ti1877515038

21

The number of states with 100,000 or more American Indian and Alaska Native residents, alone or in combination, in 2015. These states were California, Oklahoma, Texas, Arizona, New York, New Mexico, Washington, North Carolina, Florida, Michigan, Colorado, Alaska, Illinois, Oregon, Minnesota, Georgia, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Wisconsin and New Jersey.

Component ID: #ti1877515039

19.5%

The percentage of Alaska’s population identified as American Indian and Alaska Native, alone or in combination, in 2015, the highest share for this race group of any state. Alaska was followed by Oklahoma (13.6 percent), New Mexico (11.8 percent), South Dakota (10.3 percent) and Montana (8.3 percent).

Component ID: #ti1877515040

30.2

The median age for those who were American Indian and Alaska Native, alone or in combination, in 2015. This compares with a median age of 37.8 for the U.S. population as a whole.

Component ID: #ti1877515041

Reservations

326

The number of federally recognized American Indian reservations in 2016, including federal reservations and off-reservation trust land. Excluding Hawaiian Home Lands, the Census Bureau provides statistics for 631 American Indian and Alaska Native legal and statistical areas.

Component ID: #ti1926575980

Tribes

567

The number of federally recognized Indian tribes in 2016.

Source:

Component ID: #ti1877515044

Families

1,792,840

The number of American Indian and Alaska Native households in 2015 (households with a householder who was American Indian and Alaska Native alone or in combination with another race). Of these, 38.1 percent were married-couple families, including those with children.

Component ID: #ti1877515043

5.7%

The percentage of American Indians and Alaska Natives, alone or in combination with other races, age 30 and over, who were grandparents living with at least one of their grandchildren in 2015.

Component ID: #ti1877515042

Housing

53.1%

The percentage of single-race American Indian and Alaska Native householders who owned their own home in 2015. This is compared with 63.0 percent of the overall population.

Component ID: #ti1926575979

Languages

27.1%

The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives age 5 and older who spoke a language other than English at home in 2015, compared with 21.5 percent for the nation as a whole.

Component ID: #ti1926575971

Education

82.7%

The percentage of the American Indian and Alaska Native population, alone or in combination, age 25 and older that had at least a high school diploma, GED certificate or alternative credential in 2014. In addition, 19.1 percent obtained a bachelor’s degree or higher. In comparison, 87.1 percent of the overall population age 25 and older had a high school diploma or higher, and 30.6 percent had a bachelor’s degree or higher.

Component ID: #ti1926575978

41.3%

The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives age 25 and older with a bachelor’s degree or higher whose degree was in science and engineering, or science and engineering-related fields in 2015. This compares with 44.1 percent for all people age 25 and older with a bachelor’s degree or higher in science and engineering, or science and engineering-related fields in 2015.

Component ID: #ti1926575977

14.1%

The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives age 25 and older who had a bachelor’s, graduate or professional degree in 2015.

Component ID: #ti1926575976

Businesses

26,757

The estimated number of American Indian and Alaska Native-owned employer firms in 2014.

Component ID: #ti1926575975

Jobs

26.4%

The percentage of civilian-employed, single-race American Indian and Alaska Native people, age 16 and older who worked in management, business, science and arts occupations in 2015. In addition, 23.9 percent worked in service occupations and 23.4 percent in sales and office occupations. There is no statistically significant difference between the percentage who worked in service occupations and the percentage who worked in office occupations.

Component ID: #ti1926575974

Veterans

130,802

The number of single-race American Indian and Alaska Native veterans of the U.S. armed forces in 2015.

Component ID: #ti1926575973

Income and Poverty

$38,530

The median household income of single-race American Indian and Alaska Native households in 2015. This compares with $55,775 for the nation as a whole.

Component ID: #ti1926575949

26.6%

The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives who were in poverty in 2015, the highest rate of any race group. For the nation as a whole, the poverty rate was 14.7 percent.

Component ID: #ti1926575972

Health Insurance

20.7%

The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives who lacked health insurance coverage in 2015. For the nation as a whole, the corresponding percentage was 9.4 percent.

Component ID: #ti536796985

The following is a list of observances typically covered by the Census Bureau’s Facts for Features series:

African-American History Month (February)
Super Bowl
Valentine's Day (Feb. 14)
Women's History Month (March)
Irish-American Heritage Month (March)/
      St. Patrick's Day (March 17)
Earth Day (April 22)
Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month (May)
Older Americans Month (May)
Mother's Day
Hurricane Season Begins (June 1)
Father's Day
The Fourth of July (July 4)
Anniversary of Americans With Disabilities Act (July 26)
Back to School (August)
Labor Day
Grandparents Day
Hispanic Heritage Month (Sept. 15-Oct. 15)
Unmarried and Single Americans Week
Halloween (Oct. 31)
American Indian/Alaska Native Heritage Month (November)
Veterans Day (Nov. 11)
Thanksgiving Day
The Holiday Season (December)

Editor’s note: The preceding data were collected from a variety of sources and may be subject to sampling variability and other sources of error. Facts for Features are customarily released about two months before an observance in order to accommodate magazine production timelines. Questions or comments should be directed to the Census Bureau’s Public Information Office: telephone: 301-763-3030; or e-mail: pio@census.gov.

X
  Is this page helpful?
Thumbs Up Image Yes    Thumbs Down Image No
X
Comments or suggestions?
No, thanks
255 characters remaining
X
Thank you for your feedback.
Comments or suggestions?
Back to Header