Skip Header

We are hiring thousands of people for the 2020 Census. Click to learn more and apply.

Release Number CB15-FF.22
Component ID: #ti1340565869

The first American Indian Day was celebrated in May 1916 in New York. Red Fox James, a Blackfeet Indian, rode horseback from state to state, getting endorsements from 24 state governments, to have a day to honor American Indians. In 1990, President George H.W. Bush signed a joint congressional resolution designating November 1990 as “National American Indian Heritage Month.” Similar proclamations have been issued every year since 1994. This Facts for Features presents statistics for American Indians and Alaska Natives, as this is one of the six major race categories classified by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

Graphic [PDF <1.0MB]

Component ID: #ti206391684

Population

5.4 million

The nation’s population of American Indians and Alaska Natives, including those of more than one race. They made up about 2 percent of the total population in 2014. Of this total, about 48 percent were American Indian and Alaska Native only, and about 52 percent were American Indian and Alaska Native in combination with one or more other races.
Source: 2014 American Community Survey
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/S0201//popgroup~009>

10.2 million

The projected population of American Indians and Alaska Natives, alone or in combination, on July 1, 2060. They would constitute 2.4 percent of the total population.
Source: Population Projections, Table 11
<http://www.census.gov/population/projections/data/national/2014/summarytables.html>

492,605

The American Indian and Alaska Native population, alone or in combination, 65 and over, in 2014.
Source: 2014 American Community Survey
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/S0201//popgroup~009>

15

The number of states with 100,000 or more American Indian and Alaska Native residents, alone or in combination, in 2014. These states were California, Oklahoma, Arizona, Texas, New York, New Mexico, Washington, North Carolina, Florida, Michigan, Alaska, Oregon, Colorado, Pennsylvania and Minnesota.
Source: 2014 American Community Survey
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/S0201/0100000US.04000/popgroup~009>

19.4%

The proportion of Alaska’s population identified as American Indian and Alaska Native, alone or in combination, in 2014, the highest share for this race group of any state. Alaska was followed by Oklahoma (13.5 percent), New Mexico (10.4 percent), South Dakota (10.1 percent) and Montana (8.0 percent). The estimates for New Mexico and South Dakota were not significantly different from one another.
Source: 2014 American Community Survey
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/DP05/0100000US.04000>

31.4

The median age for those who were American Indian and Alaska Native, alone or in combination, in 2014. This compares with a median age of 37.7 for the U.S. population as a whole.
Source: 2014 American Community Survey
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/S0201//popgroup~009>

Component ID: #ti206391685

Reservations

326

The number of federally recognized American Indian reservations in 2015. All in all, excluding Hawaiian Home Lands, there are 630 American Indian and Alaska Native legal and statistical areas for which the Census Bureau provides statistics.
Source: Census Bureau Geography Division
<https://www.census.gov/geo/reference/gtc/gtc_aiannha.html>

Component ID: #ti206391686

Tribes

566

The number of federally recognized Indian tribes in 2015.
Source: Bureau of Indian Affairs, 2015
<http://www.bia.gov/cs/groups/public/documents/text/idc1-029079.pdf>

Component ID: #ti206391687

Families

1,788,853

The number of American Indian and Alaska Native households in 2014 (households with a householder who was American Indian and Alaska Native alone or in combination with another race). Of these, 37.8 percent were married-couple families, including those with children.
Source: 2014 American Community Survey
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/S0201//popgroup~009>

6.0%

The percentage of American Indians and Alaska Natives, alone or in combination with other races, age 30 and over, who were grandparents living with at least one of their grandchildren in 2014.
Source: 2014 American Community Survey
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/13_3YR/S0201//popgroup~009>

Component ID: #ti206391688

Housing

53.0%

The percentage of single-race American Indian and Alaska Native householders who owned their own home in 2014. This is compared with 63.1 percent of the overall population.
Source: 2014 American Community Survey
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/S0201//popgroup~006>

Component ID: #ti206391689

Languages

26.8%

The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives, age 5 and older who spoke a language other than English at home in 2014, compared with 21.1 percent for the nation as a whole.
Source: 2014 American Community Survey
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/S0201//popgroup~006>

Component ID: #ti206391690

Education

82.4%

The percentage of American Indians and Alaska Natives alone or in combination, 25 and older, who had at least a high school diploma, GED certificate or alternative credential in 2014. In addition, 18.5 percent obtained a bachelor’s degree or higher. In comparison, 86.9 percent of the overall population, 25 and older, had a high school diploma or higher, and 30.1 percent had a bachelor’s degree or higher.
Source: 2014 American Community Survey
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/S0201//popgroup~009>

39.7%

The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives, 25 and older, with a bachelor’s degree or higher whose degree was in science and engineering, or science and engineering-related fields, in 2014. This compares with 43.9 percent for all people 25 and older with a bachelor’s degree or higher.
Sources: 2014 American Community Survey
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/C15010C>
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/C15010>

13.9%

The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives, 25 and older, who had a bachelor’s, graduate or professional degree in 2014.
Source: 2014 American Community Survey   
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/S0201//popgroup~006>

Component ID: #ti206391691

Businesses

274,238

The number of American Indian and Alaska Native owned firms in 2012.
Source: Survey of Business Owners-American Indian and Alaska Native Owned Firms: 2012
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/SBO/2012/00CSA01>

Note: The preliminary company summary provides estimates for the number of firms, receipts, employment and payroll by gender, ethnicity, race and veteran status at the U.S., state and sector levels. The final businesses and business owners will be released in December 2015.

Component ID: #ti206391692

Jobs

26.3%

The percentage of civilian-employed, single-race American Indian and Alaska Native people, 16 and older, who worked in management, business, science and arts occupations in 2014. In addition, 25.6 percent worked in service occupations and 22.3 percent in sales and office occupations. The percentage in management, business, science and arts occupations was not significantly different from the percentage in service occupations.
Source: 2014 American Community Survey
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/S0201//popgroup~006>

Component ID: #ti206391693

Veterans

140,556

The number of single-race American Indian and Alaska Native veterans of the U.S. Armed Forces in 2014.
Source: 2014 American Community Survey
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/B21001C>

Component ID: #ti2103174987

Income and Poverty

$37,227

The median household income of single-race American Indian and Alaska Native households in 2014. This compares with $53,657 for the nation as a whole.
Source: 2014 American Community Survey
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/S0201//popgroup~006>

28.3%

The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives who were in poverty in 2014, the highest rate of any race group. For the nation as a whole, the poverty rate was 15.5 percent.
Sources: 2014 American Community Survey
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/S0201//popgroup~006>
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/S0201>

Component ID: #ti2103174988

Health Insurance

23.1%

The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives who lacked health insurance coverage in 2014. For the nation as a whole, the corresponding percentage was 11.7 percent.
Source: 2014 American Community Survey
<http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/S0201//popgroup~006>

Component ID: #ti536796985

The following is a list of observances typically covered by the Census Bureau’s Facts for Features series:

African-American History Month (February)
Super Bowl
Valentine's Day (Feb. 14)
Women's History Month (March)
Irish-American Heritage Month (March)/
      St. Patrick's Day (March 17)
Earth Day (April 22)
Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month (May)
Older Americans Month (May)
Mother's Day
Hurricane Season Begins (June 1)
Father's Day
The Fourth of July (July 4)
Anniversary of Americans With Disabilities Act (July 26)
Back to School (August)
Labor Day
Grandparents Day
Hispanic Heritage Month (Sept. 15-Oct. 15)
Unmarried and Single Americans Week
Halloween (Oct. 31)
American Indian/Alaska Native Heritage Month (November)
Veterans Day (Nov. 11)
Thanksgiving Day
The Holiday Season (December)

Editor’s note: The preceding data were collected from a variety of sources and may be subject to sampling variability and other sources of error. Facts for Features are customarily released about two months before an observance in order to accommodate magazine production timelines. Questions or comments should be directed to the Census Bureau’s Public Information Office: telephone: 301-763-3030; or e-mail: pio@census.gov.

X
  Is this page helpful?
Thumbs Up Image Yes    Thumbs Down Image No
X
Comments or suggestions?
No, thanks
255 characters remaining
X
Thank you for your feedback.
Comments or suggestions?
Back to Header