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Facts for Features: *Special Edition* 50th Anniversary of the Civil Rights Act: July 2

Release Number CB14-FF.17
Component ID: #ti783325561

On July 2, 1964, President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law. This landmark law prohibits discrimination on the basis of race in public accommodations, in publicly owned or operated facilities, in employment and union membership and in the registration of voters. To mark the anniversary, the U.S. Census Bureau has gathered key statistics that measure changes in some characteristics of different race groups to date.

Note: This analysis uses the closest available year for each race/ethnic group to the historic act. Analysis is limited because of limited historical data for all racial and ethnic groups.

Component ID: #ti400549417

Population

1964 2013
20,671,914
The total estimated black population in the United States.
41,623,897
The total estimated black population in the United States.
10.8%
The estimated percentage of the U.S. population that was black.
13.2%
The estimated percentage of the U.S. population that was black.

 

1970 2013
9.6 million
The total estimated Hispanic population in the United States.
54.1 million
The total estimated Hispanic population in the United States.
4.7%
The estimated percentage of the U.S. population that was Hispanic.
17.1%
The estimated percentage of the U.S. population that was Hispanic.

 

1960 2013
980,337
The total Asian and Pacific Islander population in the United States.
16,632,553
The total estimated Asian population in the United States.
0.5%
The percentage of the U.S. population that was Asian and Pacific Islander.
5.3%
The estimated percentage of the U.S. population that was Asian.

 

1960 2013
551,669
The total American Indian, Eskimo and Aleut population in the United States.
3,910,028
The total estimated American Indian and Alaska Native population in the United States.
0.3%
The estimated percentage of the U.S. population that was American Indian, Eskimo and Aleut.
1.2%
The estimated percentage of the U.S. population that was American Indian and Alaska Native.

Sources: http://www.census.gov/popest/data/national/asrh/pre-1980/tables/PE-11-1964.pdf (1964) [PDF - <1.0 MB]
Source: http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0056/twps0056.pdf (1960) [PDF - 1.8 MB]
Source: http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2013/PEPALL6N?slice=year~est72013 (2013)

Component ID: #ti1619069896

Geographic Distribution

1960 2010
59.9%
The percent of the black population living in the South.
56.5%
The percent of the black population living in the South. The South continues to have the largest concentration of African-Americans.
81.4%
The percent of the Asian population living in the West. The West had the largest concentration of Asians.
45.5%
The percent of the single-race Asian population living in the West. The West continues to have the largest concentration of Asians.
54.2%
The percent of the American Indian and Alaska Native population living in the West. The West had the largest concentration of the American Indian and Alaska Native population.
45.6%
The percent of the single-race American Indian and Alaska Native population living in the West.

Sources: http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0056/twps0056.pdf (Tables 1 and 4) [PDF - 1.8 MB]
http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-06.pdf (Black, Page 7) [PDF - 9.7 MB]
http://www.census.gov/library/publications/2012/dec/c2010br-11.html (Asian, Page 6)
http://www.census.gov/library/publications/2012/dec/c2010br-10.html (AIAN, Page 7)

1970 2010
41.0%
The percent of the Hispanic population living in the West. The West had the largest concentration of Hispanics.
40.8%
The percent of the Hispanic population living in the West.

Sources:
1970: http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0056/twps0056.pdf (Tables 1 and 4) [PDF - 1.8 MB]
2010: http://www.census.gov/library/publications/2011/dec/c2010br-04.html (Page 6)

Component ID: #ti1619069897

School Enrollment

1964 2012
4.6 million
Number of blacks enrolled in elementary school. In addition, 312,000 were enrolled in kindergarten.
4.9 million
Number of blacks enrolled in elementary school. In addition, 646,000 were enrolled in kindergarten.
1.6 million
Number of blacks enrolled in high school.
2.7 million
The number of blacks enrolled in high school. That is a 41.7 percent increase from 1964.
306,000
Number of blacks enrolled in college.
3 million
Number of blacks enrolled in college.

Source: http://www.census.gov/hhes/school/data/cps/historical/TableA-1.xls

1972 2012
1.9 million
Number of Hispanics enrolled in elementary school. In addition,241,000 were enrolled in kindergarten.
7.8 million
Number of Hispanics enrolled in elementary school. In addition, 1.1 million were enrolled in kindergarten.
834,000
Number of Hispanics enrolled in high school.
3.8 million
The number of Hispanics enrolled in high school.
242,000
Number of Hispanics enrolled in college.
3.4 million
Number of Hispanics enrolled in college.

Component ID: #ti1619069898

High School Graduates

1964 2012
25.7%
Percentage of blacks age 25 and over who completed at least four years of high school.
85.0%
Percentage of blacks age 25 and over who completed at least four years of high school.
2.4 million
Number of blacks 25 and over with at least four years of high school.
20.3 million
Number of blacks 25 and over with at least a high school diploma.

 

1974 2012
36.5%
Percentage of Hispanics age 25 and over who completed at least four years of high school.
65.0%
Percentage of Hispanics age 25 and over who completed at least four years of high school.

Note: The 2012 information in this section refers to the single-race black population.

Source: http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/education/data/cps/1964/tab-01.pdf [PDF - 1.3 MB]
http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/education/data/cps/historical/tabA-2.xls
http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/education/data/cps/2012/tables.html, Table 1

Component ID: #ti1619069899

Higher Education

1964 2012
3.9%
Percent of blacks age 25 and over who completed at least four years of college.
21.2%
Percent of blacks age 25 and over who completed at least four years of college.
365,000
Number of blacks age 25 and over who had at least a bachelor's degree.
5.1 million
Number of blacks age 25 and over who had at least a bachelor's degree.

 

1974 2012
5.5%
Percent of Hispanics age 25 and over who completed at least four years of college.
14.5%
Percent of Hispanics age 25 and over who completed at least four years of college.

Sources: http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/education/data/cps/historical/tabA-2.xls
http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/education/data/cps/1964/tab-01.pdf [PDF - 1.3 MB], page 12
http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/education/data/cps/2012/Table1-04.xls
http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/education/data/cps/2012/tables.html, Table 1.

Component ID: #ti1619069900

Income

1964 2012
$24,840 (in 2012 dollars)
The median family income for blacks.
$40,517
The median family income for the single-race black population.
$27,403 and $17,235 (in 2012 dollars)
Median income of black men and black women who worked full time, year-round.
$39,816 and $35,090
Median income of single-race black men and black women who worked full time, year-round.

 

1976 2012
$37,642 (in 2012 dollars)
The median family income for Hispanics.
$40,764
The median family income for the Hispanic population.
$38,240 and $26,158 (in 2012 dollars)
Median income of Hispanic men and Hispanic women who worked full time, year-round.
$32,516 and $29,508
Median income of Hispanic men and Hispanic women who worked full time, year-round.

Sources: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/data/historical/families/2012/F05_2012.xls
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/data/historical/people/2012/P36B_2012.xls
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/data/historical/people/2012/P36H_2012.xls

Component ID: #ti1619069901

Poverty

1966 2012
41.8%
Poverty rate for blacks. Nationally, the poverty rate for all races was 14.7 percent.
27.2%
Poverty rate for single-race blacks. Nationally, the poverty rate for all races was 15 percent.

 

1972 2012
22.8%
Poverty rate for Hispanics.
25.6%
Poverty rate for Hispanics.

Source: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/data/historical/hstpov2.xls

Component ID: #ti1619069902

Voting

1964 2012
58.5%
The percent of the total black population 18 years and older who voted in the 1964 presidential election.
62.0%
The percent of the total black population 18 years and older who voted in the 2012 presidential election.
69.3%
The percent of the total U.S. population 18 and older that voted in the 1964 presidential election.
56.5%
The percent of the total U.S. population 18 and older that voted in the 2012 presidential election.

 

1972 2012
37.5%
The percent of the total Hispanic population 18 years and older who voted in the 1972 presidential election.
31.8%
The percent of the total Hispanic population 18 years and older who voted in the 2012 presidential election.

Source: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/socdemo/voting/publications/historical/A1.xls

Component ID: #ti536796985

The following is a list of observances typically covered by the Census Bureau’s Facts for Features series:

African-American History Month (February)
Super Bowl
Valentine's Day (Feb. 14)
Women's History Month (March)
Irish-American Heritage Month (March)/
      St. Patrick's Day (March 17)
Earth Day (April 22)
Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month (May)
Older Americans Month (May)
Mother's Day
Hurricane Season Begins (June 1)
Father's Day
The Fourth of July (July 4)
Anniversary of Americans With Disabilities Act (July 26)
Back to School (August)
Labor Day
Grandparents Day
Hispanic Heritage Month (Sept. 15-Oct. 15)
Unmarried and Single Americans Week
Halloween (Oct. 31)
American Indian/Alaska Native Heritage Month (November)
Veterans Day (Nov. 11)
Thanksgiving Day
The Holiday Season (December)

Editor’s note: The preceding data were collected from a variety of sources and may be subject to sampling variability and other sources of error. Facts for Features are customarily released about two months before an observance in order to accommodate magazine production timelines. Questions or comments should be directed to the Census Bureau’s Public Information Office: telephone: 301-763-3030; or e-mail: pio@census.gov.

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