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Report Number P23-161
John F. Long, Campbell Gibson
Component ID: #ti1469045513

Foreword

This report exemplifies the long and sustained cooperation between the Bureau of the Census and Statistics Canada in the pursuit of research issues of mutual concern. Immigration (and emigration), by its very nature, is a topic of international dimensions. Parallel to measurement of the international trading of goods and services, the international exchange of people between countries can only be properly understood by integrating data and information of the countries involved. Reference has often been made to the long (5,525 miles or 8,890 kilometers), shared border between Canada and the United States. Over the years, this border has been crossed by millions of immigrants, in both directions. Using 1980 United States and 1981 Canadian census data, this unique study describes and assesses the background and characteristics of the U.S.-born population in Canada and the Canadian-born population in the United States. We see this study as a breakthrough, hopefully leading to other studies on subjects of interest and benefit to our respective agencies.

Component ID: #ti702095047

A Note on Language

Census statistics date back to 1790 and reflect the growth and change of the United States. Past census reports contain some terms that today’s readers may consider obsolete and inappropriate. As part of our goal to be open and transparent with the public, we are improving access to all Census Bureau original publications and statistics, which serve as a guide to the nation's history.

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